Nanos is a new kernel designed to run one and only one application in a virtualized environment. It has several constraints on it compared to a general purpose operating system such as Windows or Linux - namely it's a single process system with no support for running multiple programs nor does it have the concept of users or remote administration via ssh.
Read more about the Nanos Charter here.
Please use the ops orchestrator to run your applications with Nanos unless you plan on hacking on Nanos itself. Many ready-to-use examples for running applications on Nanos using ops are available here.
Install ops && nanos:
curl https://ops.city/get.sh -sSfL | sh
It is highly encouraged to use ops to build and run your applications using Nanos unless you are planning on modifying Nanos. ops provides sensible defaults for most users and incorporates our understanding of how to appropriately best use Nanos. It is also currently highly coupled to Nanos.
If you are running in a vm already (which is a bad idea) you'll need to specify that you don't want hardware acceleration. For instance you can run Nanos in virtualbox on a mac but it will be slow and hard to configure.
You can build and run on mac and linux. Nanos supports KVM on linux and HVF on osx currently for acceleration. ops has facilities to deploy to public clouds (AWS, GCE, Azure, and many others).
Building From Source on a Mac
/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
This installs the correct toolchain and will install an up-to-date qemu. It is highly recommended to be running the latest qemu otherwise you might run into issues.
brew update && brew install nasm go wget ent
brew tap nanovms/homebrew-x86_64-elf
brew install x86_64-elf-binutils
brew tap nanovms/homebrew-qemu
brew install nanovms/homebrew-qemu/qemu
Create a Chroot: (this isn't absolutely necessary)
mkdir target-root && cd target-root && wget
https://storage.googleapis.com/testmisc/target-root.tar.gz && tar xzf target-root.tar.gz
You should also set the environment variable NANOS_TARGET_ROOT to the path of target-root created above in order to create the example and test images.
Building From Source on Linux
Nanos doesn't need too many dependencies on Linux.
To build you need to install nasm && qemu:
sudo apt-get install qemu-system-x86 nasm
For tests you'll also need the following installed:
sudo apt-get install ent ruby
curl --proto '=https' --tlsv1.2 -sSf https://sh.rustup.rs | sh
If you wish to use FUSE you'll also want to install
sudo apt-get install libfuse-dev fuse
You can find more documentation on the ops docs site
In an effort for transparency and to collect, categorize, and document benchmarks we will start listing them here. The aims should be to be as reproducible and contain as much information as possible:
Go on GCloud: 18k req/sec
Rust on GCloud: 22k req/sec
Node.JS on AWS: 2k req/sec
Node.JS on GCloud: 4k req/sec
To run tests:
Development Running Instructions
For Nanos try running the first example first:
To try a different target currently found in test/runtime/ you can:
- cp the manifest file to target.manifest
- add your code and set a target in test/runtime/Makefile
make TARGET=mynewtarget run
You may also wish to use ops to develop locally. If that's the case a commonly used idiom is to simply copy the 3 required files to an appropriate release:
cp output/tools/bin/mkfs ~/.ops/0.1.17/.
cp output/platform/pc/boot/boot.img ~/.ops/0.1.17/.
cp output/platform/pc/bin/kernel.img ~/.ops/0.1.17/.
We accept pull requests as long as it conforms to our style and stated goals. We may reject prs if they violate either of these conditions.
If you are planning on spending more than a day to fix something it's probably wise to approach the topic in an issue with your planned fix before commiting to work.
Also, NanoVMs has paid kernel engineers with internal roadmaps so it's wise to check in with us first before grabbing a tkt. Tickets tagged 'low-priority' have a lower probability of collision.
Please scan the issue list first to see if we are already tracking the bug.
Please attach debugging output (
--trace in ops). Please provide the config.json and anything else that allows us to reproduce the issue.
TFS is the current filesystem utilized by Nanos.
Optional Manifest Debugging Flags
Read more about Security here.
How are you using Nanos? Take this very short survey and help us grow the project. It will take just a minute but help us out!
Who is Using Nanos?
If you are using Nanos for a project at your company or organization feel free to open up a PR and list your project/company below.
We run a public mailing list at:
for general questions. If you'd like more in-depth help reach out to the nanovms folks via drift or email engineering.
If you need something done now or want immediate attention to an issue NanoVMs offers paid support plans.